“Blue canaries”; vocal, edge-dwelling and active. Common in summer in the East and Southwest in brushy edges and fields. Small, short-tailed, sturdy; stout conical bill; males are bright blue, females brown. Eats both insects, seeds and berries. Concealed nest site close to the ground. Solitary in breeding season but may flock in migration. Lifespan up to 8 years. Population ~ 28 million and declining.