Conspicuous, khaki wren of the desert. Uncommon in Chihuahuan, Sonoran and Mojave deserts and coastal sage scrub in southern California. Timing: year-round. Prefers desert or sage scrub. Our largest wren with a long, slightly curved bill; plumage is cinnamon, brown, white, black. Largest US wren. Doesn’t cock tail like other wrens, but fans it . Can survive without free-standing water. Active all day. Uses nest year round. Destroy other nests in territory. Susceptible to cold nights. Diet includes insects and spiders plus cactus fruit; doesn’t need to drink water. Oldest wild individual recorded was 8. Population ~ 31 million.